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Reducing Carbon Emission by Hydrogen based power generation

Since the Government of Thailand set up its’ clear intention to reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions (GHG) and goal of achievement of carbon neutrality in 2050 in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), most of the private business companies have also set goals in accordance with National Policy, as it might directly impacts on their business operations in Thailand. As a part, Electric Power business operators are converting to clean energy solutions by increasing use of renewable energy, and low-carbon new energy sources for stabilization of the power generation.

Hydrogen, although cost of generation is still high and not commonly use as the main technology for power generation, is one of the alternative energy sources which can increase the stability of Power system. Hydrogen can be divided into many different types based on raw materials and generating technology. For example, (1) Gray Hydrogen is generated from Fuel fossil, (2) Blue hydrogen is generated from Fuel fossil with CCUS Technology (Carbon Capture, Usage and Storage), and (3) Green Hydrogen is generated from renewable energy without carbon emissions.

Various types of studies on the use of hydrogen fuel in power generation, such as increasing the stability of energy production by using hydrogen as a secondary energy source and possibility of using hydrogen fuel in coal-fired power plants with offset the cost of production by carbon credits, are ongoing, and Thailand may launch measures to promote the use of hydrogen within a few years time. It is said that Energy Policy & Planning Office (EPPO) under the Ministry of Energy is preparing to set the target for using hydrogen as fuel in electricity generation by 20% in the New Power Development Plan (PDP).

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